Aucuba: Home Care, Propagation And Transplantation, Species

The plant Aucuba is a member of the Garri family and is also sometimes referred to as either the Akkubov or Kizilov. The genus includes three species, and only 2 of them are cultivated in domestic conditions, namely: Himalayan and Japanese Aucuba. This plant is distinguished by its shade-loving nature, even in deep shade it grows and develops well, but this does not apply to variegated varieties.

This genus is represented by evergreen shrubs that are perennials. It is adorned with leathery leaf plates and brownish-red flowers gathered in bunched inflorescences.

In nature, you can find aukuba in China, Korea and Japan. Popularly this shrub is also called the "sausage tree" or "golden tree". Plant breeders have produced a great variety of forms of this plant, with leaves decorated with large or small yellow speckles. There are also species with green leaves along the edge and yellow leaves with a jagged outline in the middle. After the leaf plate dies off, it turns black.

Such a plant has foliage used in non-conventional medicine.

Brief description of cultivation

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

  1. Flowering. Cultivated at home, the aucuba does not flower often. However, sometimes under the most favorable conditions, inflorescences of little ornamental value form on the bush in February-April.
  2. Lightness.

    Grows normally both in deep shade and in diffused bright light. But forms with mottled foliage should not be grown in the shade, as this causes the pattern on their plates to become faded.

  3. Temperature regime. In spring-summer period - from 18 to 20 degrees, and in winter - from 10 to 14 degrees.
  4. Pouring.

    During May-August the bush is watered abundantly, and this procedure is carried out immediately after the drying of the upper layer of substrate in the pot. During other months watering abundance may vary from scanty to moderate.

  5. Air humidity. Grows normally at air humidity levels that are typical of living rooms. During the winter, the bush is sure to moisten from a sprayer.

  6. Fertilizer. Feed the plant from the first days of March to the last - August 1 time in 7 days, for this purpose, alternately use complex mineral fertilizers and organics. Fertilizers are not applied during autumn-winter period.
  7. Trimming. Formative pruning is done in March, and the young shoots that emerge are pruned.

  8. Transplanting. This procedure is done in March. Repot every year until the bush is 5 years old. And from the age of five years on, transplant only when the root system becomes very crowded in the pot.
  9. Mixed soil.

    Leaf, clay-sod and peat soil, and sand (2:6:2:1).

  10. Propagation. By cuttings and by seed.
  11. Pests. Wheat and mealybugs, thrips, spider mites, whiteflies, and scabs.

  12. Diseases. Black spots on foliage and rot.
  13. Properties. Aucuba contains poison in all parts of the plant

Aucuba. Home care

Home care of the aucuba

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Brightness

The aucuba bush is a shade tolerant, or rather, a shade loving plant.

It thrives and grows well in the shade. However, it can also be grown in a place with bright light, but only if it is diffused. When growing variegated forms, pay attention to the fact that poor light can cause the pattern to disappear from the leaf plates, so they cannot be grown on north-facing windowsills.

Temperature regime

For the spring and summer period, the room where the plant is, the air temperature should be between 18 and 20 degrees. If the room is warmer, this will cause the bush to age faster and sometimes it will shed all of its leaves.

In winter the aucuba should be kept cool (10 to 14 degrees). If the bush will be in heat in winter, it will need to be moistened often from a sprayer, and it will also need additional extra light, otherwise there is a high probability of shedding of leaves. During the warm season, the shrub can be moved to fresh air, and choose a place that will be protected from direct sunlight, drafts and precipitation.

Pouring

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Aucuba cultivated at home in May-August needs abundant watering. Only moisten the potting soil after its surface has dried out.

In other months watering should be moderate or sparing, under no circumstances allow liquid stagnation in the substrate, because because of this black spots may form on the leaf surface, as a result the bush will lose its decorative value.

Air humidity

In autumn and winter time you must moisten the plant, especially if the room in which it stands is equipped with working heating devices. But if the shrub is overwintering in a cool place, then moisten it with care, otherwise mould can form on it. During the spring and summer months you can leave the watering out.

Fertilising

Fertilise this shrub from March to August once every 7 days.

For this purpose, organic and complex mineral fertilizer are applied alternately to the substrate. During the autumn and winter dormancy period this plant should not be fed.

Trimming

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Formative pruning of the Aucuba is done in March, at the same time young shoots should be pruned to create a more lush and impressive crown. Cut stem tops can be used as cuttings.

Transplanting the aucuba

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

To grow the aucuba, use wide pots with a good drainage layer at the bottom.

In this case, excess liquid will not stagnate in the substrate, as this can lead to the formation of black spots on the leaves. For transplanting, use a soil mixture consisting of peat, leaf and clay-sod soil, and more sand (2:2:6:1). The following soil mixture can also be used: sand, peat, humus, sod and leaf soil (1:1:1:2:1).

Before the shrub reaches five years of age, it should be transplanted regularly once a year. Repotting an adult aucuba is carried out only if necessary, after the root system becomes cramped in the pot.

We recommend transplanting this type of shrub in order not to traumatize its root system.

Transplanting //Transplanting //AUKUBA...

Properties

When growing this plant you should be aware that it contains poisonin each part.

You should be especially careful with it if there are pets or small children in the house. When you are finished with your aukuba, do not forget to wash your hands thoroughly with soap.

Transplantation methods

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

Seeding

Aukuba can be raised from seed but only freshly picked seed is used as it tends to lose its germination ability quite quickly. To obtain seeds at home, you will need 2 adult aucuba bushes, and they must be of different sexes. Pollination will have to be done manually.

Fill a container with moist peat and drop the seeds into it, cover it with foil or glass from above. Move the seeds to a place where it is always warm, make sure they are systematically aired and moistened substrate. The first seedlings will have to wait a relatively long time. After the seedlings have formed 3 or 4 true leaves, spend their picking in a mixture of humus, sand and turf soil (2:1:2). Sowing seeds of aucuba, it is necessary to take into account that the resulting seedlings may not retain the varietal characteristics of the parent plant.

Cuttings

Tops of last year's stems are used for preparing cuttings. Cuttings must have at least 3 leaf blades if they are to take root quickly. For rooting, cuttings are planted in sand or in peat mixed with sand. Cover the cuttings with a transparent bag or glass jar and take them to a warm place. The cuttings should be systematically watered and ventilated, and the optimum temperature for their rooting is about 22 degrees.

Rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots filled with substrate made up of turf and humus soil and sand (2:2:1).

Aucuba Japanese. Propagation. [Hope and Peace]

Possible problems

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

The following problems may begin to occur with the room aucuba:

  1. The leaves of the aucuba become pale. This is observed if the light is too intense.

  2. The foliage loses its pattern. The plant lacks light.
  3. Fine foliage. The shrub feels a lack of nutrients, fertilise systematically to correct this.
  4. Foliage shedding.

    This can be caused by air that is too dry or a too high temperature. This may be due to improper watering or to sudden temperature changes.

  5. The edges and tops of the leaves wither away. This can be caused by too little moisture in the air (in winter), by too much light, or by the bush being severely waterlogged.
  6. Black spots on the leaves15>.

    This problem occurs when the plant is overwintered in a warm room with very dry air.

  7. Pests. Mealy worms, scabworms, spider mites and whiteflies can settle on the bush.

Aucuba species

Aucuba himalaica

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

In nature, this shrub reaches about four meters in height. The dark green leaves are oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate in shape, and the edge may be solid or serrated.

The upper part of the leaf may be more or less abruptly pointed. During flowering, single-sex (female or male) flowers form, they are small and of no ornamental value.

Aucuba japonica

Aucuba: home care, propagation and transplantation, species

This evergreen shrub has green colored stems. The leathery to the touch, suprotectively arranged, glossy leaf laminae have no leaflets, have a serrated edge and reach a width of about 6 centimeters and a length of up to 20 centimeters. The foliage is elongated-oval in shape and colored green, and sometimes there is a pattern on it.

The flowers are unisexual and small, and they are colored in various shades of red. They are part of a panicle-shaped inflorescence. The fruit is a red or orange berry.

Aucuba japonica. [Hope and Peace]

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