Asystasia: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The flowering plant Asystasia, also called Asystasia, is a member of the Acanthus family. According to various data, this genus includes 20-70 species. In nature, these plants are found in Oceania and South Africa, and even in Asia, more precisely in regions with tropical climates. Only 2 species of Asistasia are cultivated by flower growers.

Peculiarities of Asistasia

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

In medium latitudes Asistasia is cultivated only in room conditions.

This flowering plant is an evergreen semi-shrub. Its upright stem reaches a height of about 100 cm. The short-petioled green leaf plates are pointed toward the top and have a serrated edge. Each year some of the stems die off, but the renewal buds remain. After a while the bush develops a semi-tree-like trunk and becomes a not very large tree with drooping branches.

This plant is most often grown by florists because its flowering is quite showy. The moderately large axillary cotyledonous inflorescences consist of flowers up to 50 mm across, they look like large campanulae, their petals are open and bent back, they can be creamy, purplish grey, white or violet in color, decorated with veins of contrasting colors. The tassels vary in length from 12 to 20 centimeters.

Home care for asystasia

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

Asystasia is currently relatively poorly studied. But it is known for sure that it grows and develops well in room conditions, but suitable conditions must be created for such a semi-shrub.

This plant is distinguished by its heat-loving nature. He needs bright light, which should be scattered, while a little direct sunlight will not harm the bush. In summer the semi-bush should be kept in a warm place (from 20 to 25 degrees), and in winter it should be moved to a cooler room (from 12 to 18 degrees).

Protect the bush from sudden changes in air temperature, and also from drafts, because they can cause the leaf plates to fall off. A mild dormancy period is observed in September-February.

Care practices

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

In a period of intense growth and flowering, asystasia should be watered abundantly as soon as the top layer of soil has dried. With the onset of the dormancy period, watering should be reduced. Shrubs are watered with settled water of room temperature (it can be a little warm). Air humidity for this culture does not matter much, so it is not necessary to moisten the foliage from a sprayer.

Fertilizing such a semi-shrub uses a complex mineral fertilizer for flowering house plants.

As soon as a new vegetation period begins in spring, it is necessary to start feeding asystasia. Fertilizer is applied 1 or 2 times every 4 weeks. In September stop feeding gradually. The stems of the plant will grow quite strongly during the growing season. For the bush to be compact and tidy, it should be trimmed and pruned.

The optimum time for pruning this plant has not yet been established, since it is cultivated at home not so long ago and it is not yet fully known when it is observed to lay the flower buds. In this regard, it is up to you to choose the right time for pruning experimentally. The main purpose of pruning is to make the bush more lush.

Potting Asystasia

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

Potting this semi-bush only after its root system becomes quite crowded in the old flower pot. The mature specimen has a very well-developed root system, so a deep and fairly wide container should be chosen for planting.

The diameter of the new flower pot should be 20-30 mm larger than the old one.

Apropriate soil for planting this culture, in its composition includes leaf and turf soil and sand, which are taken in a ratio of 2:2:1. At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to make a thick drainage layer. During transplanting, it is recommended to use the method of transfer.

Raising asystasia

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

To propagate this semi-shrub, the cuttings of shoots left after forming the bush, or stem apical cuttings are used.

Cuttings give roots rather quickly. For rooting, a glass of water or a light soil mixture containing sand and peat (1:1) and a small amount of sphagnum is recommended. The cuttings planted for rooting are placed in a very warm place, but it is not necessary to cover them with cling film. The cuttings with sprouted roots should be planted in a pot filled with substrate for an adult plant.

Diseases and pests

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

Acisia has a fairly high resistance to diseases and various pests.

But if the bush is kept in a room with low humidity, it can be infested with spider mites, which are sucking spiders that suck the plant sap from the semi-bush. The fact that the plant is infested by this pest is indicated by whitish dots that form on the leaf plates at the puncture points. These pests multiply very quickly. If you find thin cobwebs on the bush, it will be a sign that there are already a lot of mites on it, and getting rid of them will not be so easy. As a preventive measure, you should inspect the shrub systematically, shower it regularly, and try to keep a normal humidity in the room.

At the first symptoms of the presence of mites, the bushes should be sprayed with any acaricide, such as: Fytoverm, Aktellik or Aktara.

If liquid stagnates in the substrate, the root system can rot. If rotting occurs, the bush should be replanted as soon as possible. To do this, it is removed from the pot, cut off the rotten roots, make the treatment of the roots with a solution of fungicide. Then the plant is planted in a fresh soil mixture, and the watering plan is adjusted.

Asystasia species and varieties with photos and names

Asystasia florists began to grow relatively recently, in some cases they are confused as to which plant they have: a species or a variety. It was mentioned above that only 2 species of Asystasia are cultivated.

Asystasia beautiful (Asystasia bella)

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

This evergreen semi-shrub is native to South Africa. The ovate-long leaf plates, pointed toward the apex, are finely serrated on the edge and have short petioles. Flowers may be colored pink, white or lilac and decorated with purple veins.

A popular form is Asystasia reticulate: the leaflets have a spectacular reticulate pattern that practically repeats their veining.

Asystasia gangetica, or Asystasia gangetica

Asystasia: home care, replanting and propagation

In nature, this species is widely distributed in southern Africa and tropical Asia. The flowers may be purple, but are most often colored cream or white. The petals are decorated with veins that have a darker color than the flower itself. There is a small-flowered form, and another form with variegated leaves, Asistasia variegata: the green leaf plates have a border and stripes of white color.

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