Asplenium: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation, Species

The ornamental leafy plant Asplenium belongs to the Costenaceae family and is a fern. It is quite popular among florists. This fern is native to Southeast Asia, Australia and Malaysia. Asplenium feels great in the open ground and at home. If the bush will be created favorable conditions, it will grow thick and quite large: the width and height varies from 0.

3 to 0.9 m. The leaves have a bright green color, they can be pinnately dissected or simple.

Specialists have found about 650 species of Asplenium, but only a small fraction grows in the home. If cared for properly, the plant can live about 10 years.

Such a fern does not form flowers, but it has very beautiful leaves. It is grown not only in room conditions, but also in offices, as well as in various administrative offices and premises.

Asplenium differs in the average speed of growth. It is a perennial and can live 4-10 years in a room. There is nothing difficult in caring for such a fern, so it is perfect for beginner flower growers.

Brief description of growing

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

  1. Temperature regime. This kind of fern likes warmth. However, in winter it should be kept cool (12 to 14 degrees).
  2. Humidity of the air. Needs increased humidity in the air.

    In this regard, the bush should be systematically moistened from a sprayer, and it is also recommended to put it on a deep tray filled with wet expanded clay.

  3. Lightness. The plant feels best in shade, a northern window sill is excellent. But it must not be exposed to excessive sunlight.
  4. Pouring.

    In spring and summer, water regularly and often (2 or 3 times a week). Make sure that the potting soil is kept moist at all times. During the winter, watering should be reduced to once every 7 days.

  5. Mud. The soil must be loose and permeable.

    You can use ready-made soil mixture for ferns. To prepare the substrate with your own hands, combine leaf and turf soil, peat and sand in equal parts.

  6. Fertilizer. Feed a purchased mineral complex, using ½ of the dosage recommended by the manufacturer.
  7. Transplanting.

    The root system grows quite fast, so the fern needs annual repotting. At the same time, each time it is necessary to replace the pot with a larger one.

  8. Propagation. Most often multiplied by dividing rhizome or bush.
  9. Care peculiarities.

    To make the plant feel comfortable in the room, its foliage must not be exposed to the direct rays of the sun and the room humidity must be high.

Housing flowers/plants. Asplenium. Newcomer and old-timers.

Home care of the asplenium

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Care for the indoor asplenium is quite simple.

But if you want the plant to be spectacular and bushy, then try to provide it with the most favorable conditions possible. Remember that it should be watered regularly often, and also choose a place for it in the shade. Make sure, however, that there is no stagnant liquid in the substrate, as this can lead to rot on the root system.

Flowering

Asplenium, like most ferns, does not form flowers. Spores eventually form on the underside of the leaf plates, from which new ferns can be grown if desired.

The spores, however, are of no decorative value.

Temperature

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The plant has the unusual ability of being able to adapt to different air temperatures typical of a particular room. However, sudden changes in temperature should not be allowed, as this can be detrimental to the bush. At a temperature of 12-22 degrees the plant feels quite comfortable.

The fern does not suffer from drafts.

In winter, it feels best when it is cool: no warmer than 15 degrees.

Air Humidity

Needs increased air humidity. In spring and summer, the foliage should be moistened with a sprayer at least once every 2 or 3 days. If this is not done, brown or yellow spots may form on the surface of the leaf plates. The plant responds well to regular warm showers.

To maintain a high level of humidity, experienced growers recommend taking a deep tray and filling it with wet expanded clay. Place a pot on top. Do not forget to moisten the expanded clay regularly.

Brightness

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Extremely sunny place is not suitable for the indoor asplenium. The reason is that under natural conditions the plant is hidden from the scorching sun by foliage and tree branches as well as larger plants.

The plant will feel best in a north-western or northern window. You can also choose another location that is well protected from direct sunlight.

Pouring

For the fern to grow well, it needs regular, abundant watering. Use soft water that has been left to stand for several days.

Make sure to empty the water tray after watering for a while.

During the winter, water the plant once a week and do not allow the pot to become completely dry.

Pot selection

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The root system of the shrub grows very quickly. For this reason, you should choose a fairly roomy container for the fern, but it should not be too large. If the pot will be too voluminous, the asplenium will actively increase the roots to the detriment of the development and growth of leaves. Too much potting also increases the chance of rotting of the roots.

Mixed soil

Mix that is loose, slightly acidic and well-drained is best for home asplenium. If you want, you can buy a ready-made soil mixture for ferns at a florist. You can also make your own substrate: Combine sand, peat, leafy soil and sod soil (1:1:1:1).

Fertilizer

The plant needs regular fertilization. A mineral compound fertilizer with potassium is suitable for this purpose.

Fertilizing is combined with watering and should be done once every 4 weeks. The fertilizer dosage should be halved from the one recommended on the package.

Transplanting Asplenium

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The root system of Asplenium grows quite quickly. If the shrub is not replanted in time, you can see the roots sprout into the drainage holes or show up on the surface of the substrate. This indicates that the plant needs to be repotted as quickly as possible in a new, larger pot.

Repotting is also urgently needed if the fern grows very slowly or does not want to grow at all.

When the bush is young, it can be replanted every year and this should be done in the fall or spring. An older asplenium is subjected to this procedure once every 2 or 3 years.

Asplenium asplenium antiquum 'Leslie' miniature, transplanting and care.

Trimming

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

The foliage of this plant is cut back not only to make it look neater, but also to improve the growth and development of the young leaf plates.

The reason is that too much foliage hinders the development of the young shoots. Cut the leaves once every couple of years, for this purpose, use secateurs or a very sharp knife. The cut should be made right at the base of the shrub.

Dormancy

The Asplenium begins its dormancy period in the last days of November, but it lasts until the first days of March. During this time, the shrub is removed to a cool place, which should be located away from working heating devices.

Particular attention should be paid to watering during the dormancy period. Watering is usually once per 7 days (less often if possible), but make sure the clump of earth in the pot does not dry out completely. If you won't be home for long, water the shrub generously before you leave and then place it on a tray filled with wet brick chips or clay pebbles. Place the pot so that its bottom does not come into contact with liquid.

Transplantation methods

Growing Asplenium from spores

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

As with any other fern, Asplenium forms spores on the underside of leaf plates instead of seeds.

If necessary, they can be removed from the bush and sown. To do this, use a pot filled with moist soil mixture. The spores are simply spread on the surface of the substrate, but they must not be covered. Be sure to cover the pot with clear glass or film. Ventilate the seeds every day and do not forget to moisten them in a timely manner with warm water from a sprayer.

The first seedlings should appear about 6 weeks after sowing. Once the seedlings have reached 20-25 mm in length, they should always be thinned out and the strongest sprouts should remain. Once the seedlings have grown up, they should be sprouted into individual pots. This method of propagation of ferns is quite long, and the young plants must be constantly monitored. Because of this, it is not very popular among flower growers.

Bush division

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

Another easier method is used for propagating the plant - bush division. A mature shrub with lots of offshoots will do. Take it out of the pot and carefully divide it into parts. Notice that each division should have at least 7-10 points of growth.

Smaller divisions will not grow well and may not survive.

Therefore, the division should be strong enough and there should be a sufficient number of growth points for proper rooting. The division should be planted in the substrate to a depth of 20 to 25 mm. Do not submerge the plant too deep because this could prevent it from growing and it will die after a while.

Possible problems

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

If you take care of this potted plant incorrectly then you will experience the following problems:

  1. The leaves will turn brown,. The plant feels a lack of moisture.

    Water it more often.

  2. Drying out of the tips of the leaf plates. Excessively low humidity. Moisten the foliage more often with a sprayer.
  3. The foliage has lost its turgor, but is not drying out.

    The room is very cold.

  4. Leaves become faded and lose their luster. Move the fern to a place with less intense light.
  5. Brown spots appear on the leaf plates. The plant is too hot.

    Move it to a cooler location, away from working heaters.

  6. The foliage turns yellow and brown spots appear. This is a sign of the beginning of sporulation.
  7. Brown-colored dots form on the underside of the leaf plates. An excessively sunny location has been chosen for the plant.

  8. Pests. Asplenium is most commonly infested by scabs and spider mites.

Asplenium species with photos

Asplenium nidus (Asplenium nidus)

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This Asplenium species is most popular in room culture. The rather broad leaf plates can reach about 150 cm in length. The powerful root system consists of many tangled roots.

The plant looks more ornamental because it has a band of purple in the middle of each leaf plate.

Asplenium viviparum (Asplenium viviparum)

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

A fairly narrow rosette consists of undulating large leaf plates, colored in a greenish hue. Each of the shoots has a large number of narrow little segments that reach no more than 10 mm in length. In the adult bush, brood buds form on the edge of the leaf plates.

Asplenium bulbiferum (Asplenium bulbiferum)

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This plant is highly ornamental.

Its long leaf plates (about 1.2 m) hang down spectacularly around the edges of the pot, resulting in a beautiful dense cap. The leaf plates have rather wide segments. Rooting of a newly planted bush is very fast. The species belongs to the fast-growing plants.

Asplenium biform (Asplenium dimorphum)

Asplenium: home care, replanting and propagation, species

This species is very popular with florists. It is used to decorate shaded rooms and is also cultivated in winter gardens and greenhouses. Its large splitted leaflets reach up to 100cm long.

Beneficial features

Aspleniums can make a decoration for any room and are a profitable plant. The big green leaves of the fern absorb the impurities in the air and purify it.

It can absorb both chemical compounds and gases that can harm humans.

Asplenium or Leafy Scolopendra.

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