A very spectacular flowering plant, the ampelta pelargonium, popularly also called the climbing geranium. It is very popular in indoor culture, and even inexperienced flower growers can grow it.
The plant is highly decorative, abundant in bloom and undemanding in care. This is why it is very popular with florists and is often used to decorate windows, balconies as well as pergolas and terraces in the garden.
Peculiarities of Ampelargonium Pelargonium
A plant such as Ampelargonium is native to the Cape region, which is located in South Africa.
The plant first appeared in culture in the 17th century, when it was introduced to Holland. Here it quickly won the hearts of many flower growers, who raised it as an ornamental-flowering crop. This species of pelargonium is part of the Geranium family, with only one genus, called ivy pelargonium, belonging to the climbing ones.
This variety is very ornamental. The branches can reach up to about 100 cm in length and are downward-facing.
Not only the flowers but also the big leaves: the biggest leaves can be up to 60mm across.
The leaflets of the climbing geraniums are a brilliant green. However, there is a lighter colored spot in the middle of each leaf.
When the bush is flowering, it is decorated with large umbrella-shaped inflorescences. They consist of not very large flowers, which can be colored in a variety of shades.
There are inflorescences that include more than forty flowers. Among the many varieties of ampelic pelargonium there are varieties with different structure of flowers: terry, semi-major or simple.
The plant blooms in the last spring weeks and fades - around the middle of July. The lifespan of a single flower is about 6 days. However, after the old flower fades, new buds quickly take its place.
Pelargonium amelargosa (ampel) - secrets and care features.
Helargonium ampelargonium care
Pelargonium ampelargosa is undemanding in care and unpretentious about the growing conditions. But for the shrub to look its best and not to cause problems, you still need to know the basic rules of upkeep.
To grow a climbing geranium in your plot you should choose a place where moisture stagnation in the soil mixture is completely avoided. In this regard, loam and clay soil are categorically not suitable for growing such a flower.
A well-drained, nutrient-rich and friable substrate is recommended.
Temperature and light
For the bush to grow spectacular and bloom lushly, it needs a large amount of bright sunlight, but it should definitely be diffused. If the plant will feel a severe lack of light, this will have a very negative effect on its flowering. It will be more sparse and the corollas will have a fainter color compared to bushes standing in a bright place. But remember that the flower needs mandatory protection from direct sunlight.
You should also pay special attention to the temperature regime. The ampelina pelargonium feels best at a temperature of 18-22 degrees.
Humidity and watering
Watering should be paid special attention. This is because this crop reacts extremely negatively to stagnant moisture in the root system. That is why watering should be infrequent: only when the top layer of substrate dries to a depth of 10 to 15 mm.
Humidity should be increased. However, spraying the plant with a sprayer is highly undesirable: water droplets left on the leaves may cause decay. Instead, an open container should be placed near the plant in which water is poured.
Fertilizer should be given to the flower during its vegetation period. Universal nitrogen or phosphorus-potassium complexes are suitable for this purpose.
At the same time with the introduction of nitrogen into the soil mixture, you need to be extremely careful. If there is too much of this element in the substrate, it can cause a complete absence of flowering or there will be very few flowers.
Pelargonium ampelalum should always be pruned in the fall, and all weakened and old branches should be cut out. This will help to stimulate the growth of the young shoots. The tool must be very sharp and must be disinfected.
All cuts should be powdered with wood ash.
Cutting should always be deep. All injured and old branches must be removed. Only shoots that have a maximum of 7 leaf blades should remain on the shrub, and those that grow directly from the rootstock.
How to achieve a lush crown
To ensure a bush that has a thick and beautiful crown, you should pay particular attention to the growth of young branches already in the springtime.
After the branch has five internodes, it should be pruned. This will prevent the shoots from becoming too elongated, and the bush will begin to actively grow young side branches.
How to take care of in summer
Pretty care in the summer months:
- Make sure the substratum is regularly moistened, but without water stagnating in the roots;
- do not forget to fertilize;
- Produce timely branch pruning and bud breakage.
How to care for in winter
This crop has a dormant period in winter. Because of this, it should rest properly, so that with the onset of warmth it will please with its spectacular inflorescences.
In these months, fertilizers are not added to the substrate, and it is moistened once every 1.5-2 weeks. A well-lit (light should be diffused) place should be selected for the flower, but it should be cool - the temperature should not exceed 12 degrees.
Growing ampel Pelargonium outside
For the ampelas pelargonium to grow perfectly in the garden, an optimal place should be selected for its cultivation. It should be sheltered from strong winds and well lit.
Don't forget to feed them regularly as well.
The flower should be replanted systematically, but not more than once every couple of years. As a rule, the signal for transplanting is the growth of the roots, when they no longer fit in the pot. The bush is gently transferred into a new pot, which should be slightly larger than the old pot (by no more than 20mm).
Mud and pot
Free and fertile soil should be selected.
As a precaution against water stagnation in the roots, it is advisable to add some peat to the potting soil. Don't forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
The container can be made of any material, as long as it has holes at the bottom for drainage.
Ampelent Pelargonium. Propagation and transplanting of ivy-leaved geraniums.
What kind of pot do I need?
Pelargonium amelargonium is propagated in room conditions by the following methods:
- by cuttings, using the cuttings left after the bush is cut.
AMPEL PELARGONIUM (GERANIUM). VIDEO LESSON #2 (propagation).
Even experienced flower growers have happened to have pests on ampelal pelargonium. The most frequent uninvited guests are false scales, whitefly, aphids and spider mites.
They can be treated with insecticides.
There can also be problems with the plant due to improper care:
- Bleaching of leaf plates and bare bases of shoots. No pruning.
- The edges of the leaves wither and begin to crumble. The bush is watered very sparingly or infrequently.
- Whitish spots appear on the surface of the leaves. These are sunburns due to direct sunlight.
- Root rot. Water stagnates regularly in the soil mixture.
- Flowers become shallow, with the inflorescences lacking lushness.
Acute nutrient deficiency.
Ampelargonium pelargonium varieties with photos
There are about 250 different varieties of pelargonium. That said, those that are most popular in culture will be described below.
This ampelago variety has a spectacular appearance. It has very long shoots (about 100 cm).
The large, beautiful leaves are colored in a bright green hue. The small reddish-pink flowers look particularly striking against the green background of the foliage. The bush is most decorative during the flowering period.
All the varieties included in this series are very decorative. The long shoots (about 80 centimeters) are characterized by strong branching.
The variety is very flowery: the plant is studded with inflorescences consisting of simple flowers. They can be colored in many different shades.
This popular variety has several varieties that differ from each other in the color of the corollas. The plant can grow up to 50 centimeters tall. These varieties have special semi-major flowers that consist of wavy petals.
This hybrid variety impresses with its extraordinary beauty. The lush inflorescences include corollas whose structure is very similar to that of the English rose. The flowers have a complex color: the central petals are pale green, the inner circle is whitish, and the outer ones are light lilac.
Waterfall of Summer
This variety is distinguished by its lush foliage of bright green color. At the same time, the flowers are colored in rich hues, which can be very different.
This variety stands out for its high decorative value. It is often used to decorate balconies and terraces during the warm season.
The shoots are decorated with not very large pretty leaf plates. The petals on the florets can be colored fuchsia or a bright pink tone.
There are 3 main varieties in this series with petals colored pink, red and white.
Due to the strongly branching stems, the plant forms a spherical crown. On the background of large bright green leaf plates, the corollas look especially spectacular. The pluses of this variety include its resistance to rain and strong winds.
This variety has a bush formed by strongly branching stems that are decorated with relatively large and bright inflorescences. They include small florets of rich color, with a rather wide palette of shades.
The corolla of this plant is simple with a bright cherry color. The petals have a rich white border. Growers often have difficulties with this variety as it reacts extremely negatively to stagnant moisture in the substrate.
This variety stands out among all others with its unusual foliage, or rather its color, which looks something like crocodile skin. Its abundant inflorescences are divided into flowers of a deep coral color.
AMPEL PELARGONIA (GERANIUM)-I ENTERPRISE TO GROW WITH YOU!!! ЧАСТЬ 1