Alokasia Polly: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

A member of the Aroidea family, the Alocasia is an evergreen plant. This genus includes about 70 different species. It is found in nature in tropical Indochina and Malay Archipelago. This plant is distinguished by large leaf plates of bright color, and they are often decorated with veins of contrasting colors. The most popular among flower growers is the Polly's alocasia.

It is a hybrid that was created on the basis of alocasia Sander.

Properties of alocasia Polly

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

The alocasia plant can be presented as a shrub or a small tree. Its root system is a not too large tuberous rhizome. The vertically growing stem of the shrub is thick and powerful. However, there are also varieties with leaf plates that grow straight from the ground.

Alocasia Polly is one of them.

The room hybrid Polly reaches an average height of 0.7 m. Its large, dark green leaf plates are about 0.2 m wide and up to 0.

5 m long. They are heart-shaped and elongated, with a pointed apex and a wavy edge. A characteristic feature of such a plant is clearly distinguishable veins of light shade, as well as a metallic glow. On one bush can grow up to 11 leaves. On the surface of the leaf plates there are water stomas.

With their help, the plant can get rid of excess moisture, and they are also involved in the process of gas exchange. As a result, water droplets may form on the leaves.

In room conditions, this plant is grown as an ornamental and deciduous crop. A bush growing in a pot blooms very rarely. At the same time, it is not possible to achieve its regular flowering, even with the creation of ideal conditions for growth.

Most varieties of alocasia bloom exclusively in greenhouse conditions, and at the same time on the Polly hybrid flowers appear much more often than in other species. During flowering, a fragrant inflorescence-cob, which is colored pink or white, is formed on the bush. To obtain seeds, the flowers must be pollinated by hand, and fruit will form in their place after a while. However, since Polly's alocasia is a hybrid, the resulting seed material is not able to retain the characteristic features of the parent plant.

When buying such a plant, you should consider the fact that its sap contains poisonous substances: cyanides and mercury chlorides.

It can cause swelling of the mucous membranes or burns on the skin. Choose a place for the plant that is not easily accessible to animals and children. Before you start working with the alocasia bush, you need to protect your hands with gloves. Large and beautiful leaves release a large amount of phytoncides, which help to clean the air in the room from pathogens (these include pathogens of viral diseases and staphylococci).

Alocasia Polly is a crocodile with a capricious character.

A houseplant for beauty connoisseurs.

Home care

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

The Alocasia Polly plant is unpretentious and has no special requirements for growing conditions. If the simple rules are followed, there should be no problems with the plant.

Brightness

This shrub is noted for its light-loving nature, but it can be harmed by direct scorching sunlight, reducing the decorativeness of its leaf plates. That's why a window sill with western or eastern orientation is best for it.

However, too little light can cause the leaves to become faded. In this case the mottled varieties may lose the spectacular pattern on the leaves. If the shrub stands on a southern window sill, it needs shade from the sunlight. Otherwise, burns may form on its leaves.

Temperature regime

In spring and summer, it is recommended to choose a warm place for alocasia, and the optimal temperature for it at this time is from 22 to 26 degrees.

In winter, the plant is dormant, so it can be moved to a cooler place. However, the room should never be colder than 18 degrees. The bush needs protection from cold drafts and sudden temperature changes.

Pouring

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

The substrate in the pot should be moistened abundantly and systematically. However, only water when the surface of the substrate has dried out.

For the Polly hybrid to grow and develop normally, the soil mixture in the container must be constantly moderately moist.

In the warm season, water with a frequency of once every 2 days. The water should be well drained and close to room temperature. When the plant has been watered, the surface of the substrate should be loosened a little, making sure to pour out the excess liquid from the tray.

In the winter months there is a significant slowing of the bush growth, so watering should be reduced to 1 or 2 times in 7 days, especially if the room is relatively cool.

Both reducing and increasing the frequency of watering during the off-season should be done gradually.

Humidity

In natural conditions, the Alocasia is constantly in high humidity. Because of this, it needs a high level of humidity in order to grow healthy. To increase the humidity near the shrub it is advisable to put an open container of water or you can take a deep tray filled with wet pebbles on which the container with the plant is placed.

It is also advisable to moisten the leaves regularly using a sprinkler, both in summer and winter when the air is dried up by heating devices.

Spraying can be replaced by wiping the leaves with a soft, damp sponge. This will not only increase the humidity level but also clean the dirt off the leaves.

Substrate

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

A nutritious light substrate is best for this exotic. It may contain peat, sand, leaf soil, humus and charcoal. In a specialized store you can buy a ready-made soil mixture for orchids, and a small amount of peat and garden soil should be added to it.

When planting, do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Fertilizer

The alocasia needs systematic feedings for a more intensive development. However, feed it infrequently (about 1 or 2 times every 30 days). During the warm season, fertilizers containing potassium and nitrogen are added to the substrate. In this case, such fertilizers can be alternated with organic fertilizers.

In the autumn and winter period, the plant can not fertilize at all or the previous fertilizer should be replaced by phosphorus. Universal mineral complexes for ornamental foliage crops are also suitable for fertilization.

Potting

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

As long as the plant is young, it should be transplanted every year. Mature plants are subjected to this procedure once every 2 or 3 years and the old substrate should be completely replaced with fresh substrate. Transplanting alocasia is recommended in the method of transplanting, trying to preserve the integrity of the clod of soil.

The fact is that its root system is very fragile.

Alocasia. How to transplant. Composition of soil. Care after transplanting.

First transplanting at home

Propagation methods

If you manage to wait for alocasia Polly to bloom, you can quite well collect your own seeds from the bush. But you should be prepared for the fact that the seedlings that grow from them will not resemble the parent plant. Because of this, vegetative methods are more suitable for propagation of this crop: bush division and cuttings.

Root division

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

As a rule, the bush division procedure is combined with the spring transplanting of the plant. Take a very sharp sterilized tool and divide the rhizome with it into several parts.

Since the sap of such a plant is very poisonous, you should protect your hands during the procedure with gloves, and after the division of the shrub should be well washed the tool.

Place the resulting divisions in small pots, which are filled with a mixture of sand and peat. It is advisable to cover the dividers with a transparent cover such as a bag or glass jar. Do not forget to air them systematically, as well as timely watering. In diffused light, as well as in warmth (not below 22-24 degrees), the parts of the bush root much better.

At the same time, they develop young leaves. As soon as this happens, the shelter should be removed.

Berbering

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

Pollies can also be propagated by cuttings. A well-developed and powerful leaf plate is used as a cuttings. For rooting, it is placed in a container with water, in which a solution that stimulates root growth is dissolved beforehand.

Once the leaf has roots, it is planted in a small pot filled with nutrient and light soil mixture. Cuttings can be propagated at any time of year.

The cuttings can also be rooted in a light soil mixture. Do not forget to treat the cuttings with charcoal powder before planting. To speed up rooting, place the leaf plate in heat (22 to 24 degrees).

If several leaf plates were rooted in one pot at once, after the young leaves grow on the bushes, they should be planted in separate pots. Once the bushes are stronger, transplant them into permanent containers.

How to successfully propagate Alocasia at home! Alocasia propagation methods!

Possible problems

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

If you take care of the Alocasia Polly correctly, it will not cause much trouble to the florist. Problems with it can start if the care rules are not followed, for example:

  1. Leaves become faded. Poor lighting.

  2. Dry, dark-colored spots form on the trunk and leaf plates. These are burns from scorching sunlight. These spots can also be a symptom of a disease or they can be caused by a sudden change in growing conditions.
  3. The tips of the leaf plates are withered. The bush is watered too infrequently or sparingly.

    It may also be due to too little humidity.

  4. The ground part of the bush is growing very slowly. A dormancy period is about to begin or the plant is experiencing a lack of nutrients.
  5. Sluggish leaf plates. Unsuitable soil mixture or improper watering regimen used for planting.

  6. Leaves wither and fly off. The shrub is watered very infrequently or, on the contrary, there is stagnant moisture in the substrate which has caused the roots to become rotten. Water only when the substrate has dried out.
  7. Flowering of leaves and buds160>. The plant needs feeding.

Pests can also settle on the plant and suck the sap out of it. The spider mite cannot be seen with the naked eye, but you can see the thin spider webs that are characteristic of its activity. It can be eliminated with an acaricide.

If a scab mite has settled, brown bumps can be seen on the bush. If the pests are few, you can try to save the alocasia from them by treating with a solution of soap.

The same remedy is used in the fight against aphids. Such pests settle on the lower surface of the leaf plates, causing them to become deformed. If a whitefly has settled on the bush, you can see the characteristic traces of silvery color on the leaves. All these pests are treated with insecticides.

In order to prevent diseases and pests of Polly's alocasia, you just need to take care of it properly and try to provide optimal growth conditions.

Beneficial properties

Alokasia Polly: home care, replanting and propagation

As with most varieties of Polly's alocasia sap contains poisonous substances. However, among them you can find species with medicinal properties and also plants with rhizomes that can be eaten. They contain hyperoside, coumarin, lycourazide and other valuable substances. On the basis of these varieties are made preparations used to eliminate spasms, toothache, swelling, to disinfect and accelerate wound healing, and also to treat mucous membranes. This shrub helps to normalize the activity of the veins, improve the immune system, and also slow down the development of malignant tumors.

In alternative medicine this plant is used for diseases of the digestive system, and also for rashes on the skin. It is also used in cases of endocrine system disorders and inflammation of the joints. It can have harmful consequences if treated alone. Remember that this plant is poisonous. Only a few varieties are considered medicinal.

Apart from that such preparations are strictly forbidden for children (under 16), during lactation and pregnancy.

Alocasia Polly: Flowering, care and maintenance (part 1)

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