The Aeonium is a member of the Cattleya family. It is native to northern Africa and the Canary Islands. In addition, the plant has been naturalized in Southwestern Australia. According to The Plant List, this genus includes 36 primary species and 39 hybrids. That said, some of the species are very popular with florists.
Brief description of cultivation
- Flowering. Aeonium almost never blooms at home.
- Brightness. Plenty of bright sunlight is needed.
- Temperature control.
No more than 25 degrees in summer and 10 to 12 degrees in winter.
- Watering. During the vegetation period watering is carried out 1 or 2 times in 7 days. In winter, once every 30 days.
- Air Humidity.
May be any.
- Fertilizer. During the growing season once every 15-20 days, use a mineral complex for succulents and cacti. During the dormancy period, the bush is not fed.
- Dormancy period.
During winter time.
- Repotting. While the bush is young, once a year, adult plants once every 2 or 3 years.
- Propagation. By cuttings and by seed.
- Diseases. Rot.
- Pests. Aphids, mealybugs, mites, and scabs.
Eonium (Aeonium) - species, varieties, propagation, care, secret of successful culture - master Georgy Aristov
Peculiarities of the house eonium
In room culture are common such species as: virgin, house, tier, decorative, Lindley, etc.
Some of them have a life span of just two years, but there are real long-livers among them. Most of the aeonium species are succulents and look like thistles growing in the garden. Their unbranched, bare shoots are 10-100 centimeters tall. Some species form aerial spines.
The fleshy sessile foliage is shaped tapered to the base.
They are in dense rosettes which look like roses or dahlias and vary in size from a few to 100 centimeters across. Leaves can be pale red, brown, green or purple.
Wall Aeonium flowers very rarely. In natural conditions, however, it forms a pyramidal, brush-like inflorescence consisting of yellow-colored flowers. These flowers fade soon after opening and the rosette that gave the flower stalk dies off when the flowering is finished.
Home care of eonium
Home eonium is undemanding in its care and growing conditions.
This plant belongs to light loving plants. Particular attention must be given to varieties and species with variegated foliage, they should receive a lot of bright light. If they will be in even a little shade, this will lead to warping and stretching their stems, with the leaves losing their color. In this regard, it is recommended to put the flower on the window of south-eastern or southern orientation.
But remember that in the afternoon, when the sun is at its brightest, the plant will need some shade from the scorching rays. You can use a normal curtain for this.
The plant reacts very negatively to very high indoor temperatures. In summer the room should not be warmer than 25 degrees, but the shrub should be allowed to overwinter coolly at 10 to 12 degrees.
The flower needs a constant supply of fresh air.
In this regard, the room should be ventilated systematically, and the bush should be protected from draughts. In the warm season, if possible, the plant is moved outside. This can be done after the air warms to 10 degrees. With the onset of autumn, the aeonium is returned to the house as soon as it starts to get cold.
This succulent does not need frequent moistening of the substrate.
Watering is more frequent in summer than in winter. However, regardless of the time of year, you should make sure that the soil in the pot is almost completely dry before watering.
As a rule, during the cold season, the Aeonium is watered approximately once every 4 weeks. During the growing season, it is watered about once or twice every 7 days. Well-drained water, which should be close to room temperature, is suitable for this purpose.
When watering, water should be poured very gently, only on the inner surface of the pot. Make sure that the liquid does not get to the base of the stem or accumulate in the leaf rosette, as this could cause rot.
This flower does not need spraying from a sprayer as it grows normally in any humidity. To remove dust from the surface of the foliage, it is sufficient to use a dry brush.
Fertilizing is done during the growing season once every 15-20 days.
A complex mineral fertilizer for succulents and cacti is good for this. During the cold season, the Aeonium is not nourished. Also, do not fertilize the substrate when the bush has recently been transplanted into a new soil mixture.
As long as the bush is young, it is transplanted systematically once a year. A mature plant, however, is transplanted less frequently, about once every 2 or 3 years, after the root system no longer fits in a new container.
Do not forget to put a layer of drainage 70 to 80 mm thick at the bottom of the new pot. The flower is transplanted by the method of transplanting, trying to keep the lump of soil intact. The voids in the new container are filled with a mixture of soil, which consists of leaf and turf soil, coarse sand and peat. A small amount of charcoal is recommended in the soil mixture, this is a good prevention of rot.
If the bush is large and quite old, then it may not be transplanted.
Instead, it is advisable to change its top 50mm layer of substrate to a new potting soil mixture. Note that after replanting the Aeonium's root neck should be at the same level as in the old container.
If there are signs that the flower's root system is injured, then after removing it from the pot gently remove all the soil mixture. Examine the roots. Remove all the rotten and damaged areas with a disinfected tool and cover them with ground charcoal.
Then plant the bush in a new container and use fresh potting soil.
Transplanting Giant Eonium - Master Class - Georgy Aristov
Growing from seeds
Seed Eonium seeds bought in a store and spread evenly over the soil used to grow seedlings. Use a sprayer to moisten the seeds and cover the container with clear foil or glass from above. For the best germination of the seeds the air temperature should be about 20 degrees. Once the seedlings are stronger, they are planted in individual rearing cups.
After the bush has formed a leaf rosette, it is planted in a permanent pot.
The stem with the leaf rosette is used as a cuttings, which are cut from the parent bush with a very sharp, disinfected knife. The cut should be oblique at a 45° angle. Sprinkle some charcoal on the cuttings and leave for two to three days to dry out. Then it is planted in a sterile soil mixture consisting of leaf soil and sand.
Deepen the cuttings only 20-30 mm. Make sure that the potting soil is always moist so that the roots appear as soon as possible. The light should be bright but scattered. As a rule, the roots appear after 1.5-2 months.
Anonymization of the Eonium succulent by cuttings, crown formation
Take one leaf plate from the rosette, then leave it for several hours to dry out. Then, its cutting point is buried in the substrate for rooting. Watering is carried out with a sprayer, and use it well drained water whose temperature is close to room temperature. Leaf cuttings during the rooting period should be provided with the same conditions as the stem cuttings. After a while near the leaf plate should appear small rosettes.
When they grow up, they are planted in permanent containers.
Pests and diseases of eonium
Diseases of eonium
The indoor eonium is quite resistant to diseases. However, problems can arise with it due to violation of the rules of care, or more precisely, due to regular stagnation of moisture in the substrate. Because of this, rot appears on the root system, which leads to withering and drooping shoots, while the leaves become dark and die off. To avoid these problems, remember that such a flower is better able to tolerate a little drought than overwatering.
The following problems can also occur with the Aeonium:
- The foliage darkens at first, then fades and loses its turgor. The room is very cold. If only the lower leaf-platelets die back, do not be alarmed as this is a quite natural process.
- Spots of yellow or dark spots on the leaves. These spots are caused by direct sunlight.
Pests such as aphids, mealybugs, spider mites or scale may settle. They suck the sap from the leaves by making a hole in them. If you do not get rid of the pests, the Aeonium will begin to wilt.
Treat all parts of the shrub with a soap solution. After a while, wash the soap off the flower with clean water, having previously protected the substrate surface with film.
If the bush is infested with scabies or worms, then remove the insects from the plant with a cotton swab moistened in alcohol before treating it with soap. If the pests have already managed to breed, they can only be killed with an insecticide. Spraying the shrub outside is recommended.
Paul mites settle on the plant if the air in the room is very dry. You can tell that mites are on the bush by examining the shoots and foliage: they will have thin cobwebs on them.
You should use acaricide treatment.
Acarin, Actellic or Fytoverm can help to get rid of all pests.
Eoniums 🍀 my collection! Aeonium my collection!
Eonium species with photos and names
Eonium noble (Aeonium nobile)
The leaf rosette in the bush reaches about half a meter across. It consists of edge-bent, juicy, olive-colored leaf plates. The small flowers are gathered in powerful inflorescences, their shape resembling the outline of a tree crown on a tall bough.
Eonium burchardii (Aeonium burchardii)
This hybrid is very beautiful and has a miniature size. It is adorned with dark shoots and leaf rosettes that reach about 10 centimeters across. They include succulent leaf plates pointed at the top: their base is green and the top is orange-brown.
Eonium decorum (Aeonium decorum)
This species is very popular with florists. The shrub is about 50 centimeters tall and the stems have a rough surface.
Compact rose-shaped rosettes consist of smooth, sharp-toothed, green-pink leaf laminae, about 30 mm long. The most popular variety is Aeonium tricolor.
Eonium canariense (Aeonium canariense)
The shoots are almost invisible on the bush. The stems are covered with squat rosettes, which consist of large, green-brown-colored leaf plates that stand out with a distinctive curve. After a while the rosette grows strongly and becomes loose.
Eonium virginum (Aeonium virgineum)
There are dense cilia on the edge of the round-shaped leaves. There is velvet-like pubescence on the surface of the leaves. The leaf rosettes are almost flat and have a delicate scent and look similar to green cushions.
Eonium domesticum (Aeonium domesticum)
This branching succulent plant is about 0.3 m tall.
The curving outstretched shoots are decorated with dark ovate leaf plates that are gathered in rosettes like a zinia. A variety such as Aeonium domesticum variegata is especially popular in room culture.
Eonium tufted (Aeonium undulatum)
The surface of the thick, silver-colored shoots has many scars. The large leaf rosettes reach about 0.3 m across and are similar in appearance to a bud that has opened halfway.
The rosette is composed of bright, densely planted, round-shaped leaf plates that taper toward the base.
Aeonium arboreum, or arboreum
This plant also branches, with its stems becoming woody at the base. Leaf rosettes are formed on the upper parts of the shoots and are about 20 centimeters in diameter. They include spatula-shaped foliage that is usually colored brown, there may be greenish speckles.
Eonium holochrysum (Aeonium holochrysum)
Slightly hanging at the tops, straight stems are decorated with spatula-shaped thick leaf plates of greenish-yellow color, with a purple band around the edge and in the center.
The leaf rosette reaches about 20 centimeters across.
Eonium lindleyi (Aeonium lindleyi)
This species reaches about 30 centimeters in height and branches very strongly. The curly, thin stems are colored brown. The tops of the stems have dense, dark green leaf rosettes. They include pubescent, fragrant leaf plates with a rounded edge, their surface slightly sticky.
Eonium tabuliforme (Aeonium tabuliforme)
The short shrub stands out for its symmetry. The bush has a stalk that is difficult to distinguish. The sessile rosette reaches about half a meter across. Its shape resembles a flat plate. The rosette consists of shovel-shaped sessile leaf plates that are placed tiled and covered with whitish-colored cilia.
😍 Eoniums , shaping the crown ✨✨✨