Achimenes: Home Care, Replanting And Propagation

The Achimenes is part of the family Gesneria and is very popular with florists. In nature, there are about 50 species belonging to this genus, all of them are perennial herbaceous plants. It has been cultivated since the 18th century and can be found in the tropical regions of Central and South America. Achimenez is also called "the magic flower".

Peculiarities of Achimenez

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

When growing Achimenez at home, remember that it has a dormant period.

Preparation for this period in the flower begins in mid-October. During the winter months, it should be kept in a dark and cool place (about 16 degrees) and watered very sparingly at this time.

All Achimenez species have pubescence. The stem can be branched and the foliage can have a serrated or pubescent edge (depends on the species). Flowers fade very quickly after opening and die off, but in their place as quickly new buds appear.

The color of the flowers is varied: pink, yellow, red, purple and other colors. They are decorated with various patterns, namely spots, dots and stripes.

Brief description of cultivation

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

  1. Flowering. Twice during the season in May-October.
  2. Blooming.

    When growing the dark-leaved forms, they are provided with plenty of light, with some direct sunlight in the morning and evening. Colorful variegated forms are grown in slight shading or in a place with diffused light. During the growing season, from 20 to 23 degrees, and from the second half of autumn to mid-spring, from 15 to 17 degrees.

  3. Watering. Moisten the soil using the method of bottom watering (through a tray).

    Water abundantly during the growing season, and from the last days of September it will be necessary to reduce the frequency of watering to once every 30 days.

  4. Air Humidity. It should be high, but the bush should not be moistened with a sprayer. Instead humidify the air around it or put wet pebbles in the tray and place the pot with the flower on it.
  5. Fertilizer.

    Achimenes starts feeding when the first young shoots appear and ends when it blooms. At other times, it is not necessary to fertilize it. Fertilizer is applied to the soil once every 15 days.

  6. Dormant period. Starts in the second half of October and ends in March.

  7. Transplanting. It is done in the first days of February.
  8. Mixed soil. It shall consist of sod and leaf earth and also sand (2:4:1).
  9. Repropagation.

    By dividing the rhizome, by cuttings and by seed.

  10. Pests. Aphids, spider mites and thrips.
  11. Diseases. Too much watering can cause the plant to rot.

My favorite Achimenes: Secrets of cultivation and variety diversity

Home care

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

Brightness

Chimenes are a light loving plant. However, you should note that different species need different light intensities. If you grow dark-leaved forms, you have to give them plenty of bright light, so they will not be harmed by direct sunlight in the morning or evening. The variegated forms grow well in bright diffused light and in a little shade. Do not allow their foliage to be exposed to direct sunlight because this can cause burns to form on them.

Temperature Regime

Achimenez grows and develops well at 22 to 23 degrees during the growing season. From mid-October the temperature in the room where the flower is located begins to gradually decrease, this is when the plant's root system is gaining strength, preparing for a long dormancy period.

Pouring

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

Achimenez needs abundant watering throughout the vegetation period. Soft, well-drained water is used for this purpose. However, make sure that no liquid stagnates in the root system.

Remember that the water must not get onto the leaves, because the plant reacts very negatively to this. Therefore, it is recommended to water the flower with a syringe or through the tray (bottom watering). The water temperature used for watering should be slightly above room temperature.

Air Humidity

The plant needs increased air humidity, but the foliage should not be sprayed. To increase the humidity, either spray the air near the flower with a sprayer or put wet expanded clay or pebbles in the tray and place the flower pot on top of it.

Make sure that the bottom of the pot is not in contact with the liquid. If the foliage gets wet, it will develop brown spots.

Fertilizer

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

Start nutrition only after 30 days from the appearance of the young shoots, using a mineral complex fertilizer. Apply it to the substrate once every 15 days. Finish fertilizing as soon as the Achimenez blossoms.

Trimming

The part of the shrub that is above the ground is completely withered, it is cut off. If trimmed earlier, the root system will not have time to draw out all the nutrients it needs during the dormancy period.

Dormancy

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

The foliage begins to dry out in mid-autumn. After its above-ground part is cut off, the pot with the flower is removed to a place where it is always dark and cool (about 15 degrees). In the last days of September watering will gradually be reduced, and when the bush is cut, the soil is moistened 1 time in 30 days, using a small amount of well-drained water.

If the plant is watered too much at this time, it may awaken and start to grow too early. If it does wake up too early then move it to a place with good lighting and, if necessary, use a spotlight, such as a fluorescent lamp. Only in good light will the Achimenez grow and develop within normal limits.

Potting and replanting

Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

Achimenez rhizomes stored in pots during the winter, begin to grow when the temperature rises to 18 degrees, as well as through bright light and increased frequency and abundance of watering. If the rhizomes were stored in sand during the winter, they also begin to grow actively after planting in a pot.

Potting or planting such a plant is carried out in the first days of February. Since the rhizome of Achimenez is quite short, a low flower pot is used for planting. If during transplanting it is found that the rhizome is very large, it can be divided into parts, with the dividers planted in separate pots. Cut the rhizome with a very sharp tool so that each division has a point of growth. After the cut spot dries out, it is sprinkled with carbon powder and planted in fertile substrate.

At the bottom of the container should make a thick layer of drainage, which should occupy half the height of the pot, you can use claydite or pieces of bricks. Then the drainage is covered with a layer of potting soil mixture, which may have several variants of composition:

  • sod and leaf soil and sand (2:4:1);
  • sand, leaf and peat soil (1.5:4:2);
  • mulch, sand, leaf and turf soil (1:1:2:3).

    Achimenez after wintering in a planter: easy planting!

    Production methods

    Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

    How to propagate Achimenez by splitting the rhizome was described in detail above.

    Cuttings and the seed method are also used for propagation.

    Growing from seed

    Seeding is done in the last days of winter or early spring. A container filled with coarse sand is used. The seeds are covered with a film (glass) from above and moisten the sand through a tray. Keep them in a warm place (24 to 26 degrees) and do not forget to air them systematically.

    The first seedlings should show in 2-3 weeks. As they will grow, they are double or triple picking in pots, which should be slightly larger than the old. Once the bushes have grown and become stronger, they are transplanted to a permanent container and cared for in the same way as an adult Achimenes. The seed material can be bought in a florist's store or you can collect it yourself if you already have such a plant at home. Wait until eight weeks after the plant has bloomed and then pluck the fruit which has formed and become soft and contains seeds.

    Seeding

    Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

    Seeding Achimenez is a very rare propagation method. Cut the stem and take the lower or middle part of it for a cuttings. It should be planted in the sand and covered with a cut off bottle or glass jar. Water it through the tray and air it systematically. To make the roots appear faster, you can use a special product that stimulates root formation.

    Cuttings will take root after 15 days and are transplanted into a permanent pot after another six months.

    Achimenes multiplication: all methods

    Diseases and pests

    The following problems may occur during cultivation:

    1. Buds turn brown. The room is very hot, lower the temperature to 24 degrees.
    2. The bush is affected by gray rot. This can occur due to stagnant water in the substrate.

      The soil should dry well between waterings.

    3. The appearance of brown spots on the leaves. The bush is watered with cold water.
    4. Pests. Pests such as spider mites, thrips or aphids can settle on the flower.

    Achimenes species

    Achimenes longiflora

    Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

    It is a perennial herbaceous plant with a scaly rhizome that can reach about 30 centimeters tall. It has pubescence on the surface of its green, drooping shoots. The species can be grown as an ampel plant. Supropode or whorled oblong leaf leaves have a serrated edge and pubescence. Single large purple flowers grow from the leaf axils.

    There are many forms and varieties available.

    Achimenes large-flowered (Achimenes grandiflora)

    Achimenes: home care, replanting and propagation

    Native to Mexico, the species can reach over half a meter in height. Its leaf plates are larger than those of Achimenes longiflora, about 6 centimeters wide and up to 10 centimeters long. The reddish-purple flowers grow from the leaf axils. As a rule, two flowers grow from a single axil.

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